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|Title||Effects of Replacement of Fish Meal by Soybean Meal and Supplementation of Methionine in Fish Meal/Soybean Meal-based Diets on Growth Performance of the Southern Catfish Silurus meridionalis|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Ai, Q., and Xie X.|
|Journal||Journal of the World Aquaculture Society|
|Keywords||crude protein, Growth performance, methionine, Silurus meridionalis, southern catfish, Soybean meal|
|Abstract||Two experiments (Experiment I and 11) were conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary soybean meal (SBM) with or without supplementation of methionine on the growth performance of the southern catfish Silurus meridionalis. Fish were fed isonitrogenous (48% crude protein) and isoenergetic (20 KJ/g gross energy) diets for 8 wk in a recirculating rearing system. In Experiment I, six diets containing 0.0,11.6, 23.1, 34.7, 46.3, and 57.9% solvent-extracted SBM as replacement of 0% (control), 13%, 26%, 39%, 52% and 65% fish meal (FM) protein were formulated to examine the effects of dietary SBM on growth performance. Each of the six diets was randomly fed to triplicate tanks, and each tank was stocked with 10 fish (average initial weight 23.78 +- 0.09 g). Fish fed the diets with 13%, 26%, and 39% protein from SBM had significantly higher or similar specific growth rate (SGR) compared with the control group. However, SGR in fish fed the diets with 52% and 65% protein from SBM was significantly lower than other groups (P< 0.05). These results showed that 39% of FM protein could be replaced by SBM protein in diets of the southern catfish without significantly reducing growth. In Experiment II, seven diets were formulated to examine the effects of supplemental methionine on the growth performance of this fish (initial weight of 19.73 +- 0.36 g) fed diets at the two SBM substitution level (SL) for replacing 39% or 52% FM protein. The control diet was the same as that (0% SL) in Experiment I. Three methionine levels (0.00%, 0.12%, or 0.26% at 39% SL, 0.00%, 0.21%, or 0.33% at 52% SL) were separately supplemented to represent two endogenous controls (no methionine supplementation), and to produce diets with the same methionine content as that found in either the body carcass of this fish or the control diet (0% SBM protein), respectively. The results showed that there were no significant differences in feeding rate, digestibility and SGR between fish fed the diets with and without supplementation of methionine at 39% SL. However, supplementation of methionine at 52% SL results in significantly higher SGR and feed efficiency (FE) than that of fish fed the diet without supplementation (P< 0.05). It is suggested that the endogenous methionine content in the diet at 39% SL could meet the requirement for the growth, but is insufficient at 52% SL. The results of the present study indicate that methionine is one of the limiting factors in SBM-based diets to growth of the southern catfish, and supplementation of methionine into diets containing a high content of SBM could improve the growth performance of this fish.|
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